View AnswerA. Economics
- When the equation Ly=0 his non trivial solution then Ly=f this.
- Operation Rλ is analytic except when:
- Laplace transform of function f(t)= t2where t ≥ 0 is.
- The differential equation which involves one dependent variable w.r.t. independent variable is called.
- Dummy variables is also known as .
- The minimum or maximum value of a function is called .
- Perturbation theory is a large collection of.
- Homotope perturbation method was proposed by.
- The value of inverse Z-transform of log (Z/Z+1) is.
- Laplace transform any function changes its domain to S-domain.